"A society grows great when old men plant trees whose shade they know they shall never sit in." --  Greek proverb

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Webmaster addition: Gaddafi was destroyed for shutting down Libya's private central bank and issuing a value-based currency, the Gold Dinar, which many African nations viewed as more stable than the US dollar.

US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin recently confirmed that Russian forces have entered the same military base where American troops are stationed in Niger, a fact which clearly demonstrates a shift in the Sahel state’s policy. Washington is fully withdrawing its troops from Niger and is also relocating military personnel stationed in Chad, as it considers its options for continuing “America’s counterterrorism mission” in the region, according to the Pentagon.