The term Dust Bowl was coined in 1935 when an AP reporter, Robert Geiger, used it to describe the drought-hit south-central United States after a severe dust storm.
Historically, the Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that caused much damage to the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian basins during the 1930s.
The phenomenon occurred due to severe drought and failure to implement dry land farming methods to prevent aeolian processes (wind erosion). The drought came in three waves: 1934, 1936, and 1939–1940, but some areas of the High Plains experienced drought conditions for up to eight years.
From Texas to Nebraska, strong winds and choking dust killed people and livestock and damaged crops across the region.
The Dust Bowl intensified the crushing economic effects of the Great Depression and drove many farming families on a desperate migration in search of work and better living conditions.